Volume 5, Issue 4 (2021)                   IQBQ 2021, 5(4): 91-103 | Back to browse issues page

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Fallah Ramezani S, fakhroleslam م. Substrate concentration control in a bio-reactor for bio-hydrogen production via feedback linearization. IQBQ. 2021; 5 (4) :91-103
URL: http://arcpe.modares.ac.ir/article-38-58176-en.html
1- Chem. Eng. Dep., Sharif Univ. of technology
2- Faculty of Chemical Eng., TMU , fakhroleslam@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (266 Views)
Research subject: Bio-hydrogen is a renewable energy source with many economic and environmental benefits as a fuel. Controlling the concentration of the substrate in the reactor has a significant effect on the amount of hydrogen production. However, bio-hydrogen production is a nonlinear process that requires the implementation of nonlinear control methods. In this paper, substrate concentration in an anaerobic bio-reactor is controlled using the feedback linearization method.
Research approach: The model employed for the simulation is a well-known model consisting of three state variables. The proposed controller is a globally linearized controller (GLC) designed based on the feedback linearization technique. In this method, the nonlinear system is precisely linearized by a transformation of the coordinate system. As a result, the linearized system can be controlled using a linear controller. In order to linearize the system, a nonlinear compensator is designed using the design model and applying the concepts of differential geometry. Proportional-integral (PI) controller is adopted as a linear controller. GLC controller performance has been compared with a nonlinear controller (NC) and a PI controller. The performance of these controllers has been studied by numerical simulation based on the integral of time-square error (ITSE).
Main results: The simulation results show that substrate concentration control can contribute to the hydrogen production. The control method applied has better set-point tracking than the other two control approaches. The ITSE performance index for the feedback linearization method is lower than the other two methods. The nonlinear feedback controller fails if the kinetic parameters are changed by 25%, but the PI method and the feedback linearization are robust against model uncertainty. An efficient controller guarantees stable bio-hydrogen production. Comparing open-loop and closed-loop simulation results shows that controlling the substrate concentration increases hydrogen production by 90%.
Article number: 7
Full-Text [PDF 855 kb]   (77 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: mass-transport
Received: 2021/12/27 | Accepted: 2022/05/16 | Published: 2022/05/16

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