Volume 5, Issue 4 (2021)                   IQBQ 2021, 5(4): 105-117 | Back to browse issues page

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Sadeghian K, Shahhosseini S. Simulation of glycerol and biodiesel production process with numerical analysis and optimization of transesterification reactor by response surface method (RSM). IQBQ. 2021; 5 (4) :105-117
URL: http://arcpe.modares.ac.ir/article-38-56015-en.html
1- Bachelor of science student in Iran university of science and technology
2- Associate Professor, School of Chemical Engineering , Iran University of Science and Technology , shahrokh@iust.ac.ir
Abstract:   (167 Views)
Research subject: Nowadays, due to the prevalence of coronavirus and the increasing use of disinfectant solutions and gels, the use of glycerin has also increased dramatically. But the suggested processes in this field need to be optimized in terms of production and energy consumption.

Research approach: In this paper, the transesterification method has studied and simulated, during which vegetable oil is converted into biofuel, and glycerin is also produced as a by-product of this process. For this purpose, process simulation of a conventional unit with 5.5 m3/min feed has been done in Hysys. Also, due to the importance of equipping the transesterification reactor, by importing the necessary process information, this equipment has been simulated in COMSOL MultiPhysics and the effective parameters have been studied in order to optimize the of product conversion. After validation of model, to better understand the factors affecting the performance of the transesterification reactor, the effect of selected parameters first examined by one-variable at the time design of experiment approach.
Main result: Finally, it has been shown that the feed temperature and the flowrate both have significance impact on quantity and quality of product and while providing a model for calculating the amount of glycerol produced per unit of energy consumed, the effective parameters are optimized by the response surface method. In optimal conditions of the ratio of product production to energy consumption, the temperature value was 470.7 K and the feed flow rate was 0.586 m3/s. According to the gained results, it can be obtained by adjusting the flow rate in the optimal amount, using a preheater in the production processes of biofuels and glycerin can have a significant effect on the amount of products produced so that the optimal temperature for the output of this preheater is at least 470.7 K should be considered. In the current research an optimization scheme has been suggested which can be used for different Biodiesel-Glycerol production units with varies range of flowrate.
Article number: 8
Full-Text [PDF 1499 kb]   (26 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: mass-transport
Received: 2021/09/30 | Accepted: 2022/04/27 | Published: 2022/06/25

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