Volume 5, Issue 3 (2021)                   IQBQ 2021, 5(3): 95-106 | Back to browse issues page

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Larimi A, Esmaeilpour M, Ghahramanafshar M, Faghihi M, Asgharinezhad A. EDTA-functionalized Fe3O4@SiO2 magnetic nanoadsorbent for divalent cadmium removal from aqueous solutions. IQBQ 2021; 5 (3) :95-106
URL: http://arcpe.modares.ac.ir/article-38-54321-en.html
1- Chemical and Process Engineering Department, Niroo Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
2- Chemical and Process Engineering Department, Niroo Research Institute, Tehran, Iran , MEsmaeilpour@nri.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor, chemical and Process Engineering Department, Niroo research Institute, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1625 Views)
Research subject: In this study, EDTA-functionalized Fe3O4@SiO2 magnetic nanocomposites with core-shell structure were synthesized to remove divalent cadmium ions from aqueous solutions.
Research approach: During the first step, Fe3O4@SiO2 nanosphere core-shell is synthesized using nano Fe3O4 as the core, TEOS as the silica source and PVA as the surfactant. This strategy relies on the covalently bonding of ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid to bis(3-aminopropyl)amine and cyanuric chloride functionalized magnetic nanoparticles. In the next step, characteristics of surface functional groups, crystal structure, magnetic properties, size and surface morphology of these nanoparticles were investigated, identified and analyzed using physico-chemical characterization techniques including fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), vibration sample magnetometry (VSM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analyzer.  The adsorbent, due to its magnetic property, could be simply separated from the reaction mixture by a permanent magnet and reused in five consecutive cycles without considerable loss in its activity.
Main results: To probe the nature of the adsorbent, various experiments were investigated like adsorbent dose and contact time were optimized. Kinetic studies and the effect of different amounts of adsorbent to remove divalent cadmium ions from aqueous solutions show a maximum adsorption of 94% at ambient temperature. Moreover, the recyclability of Fe3O4@SiO2-EDTA was investigated in order to remove the divalent cation for successive adsorption-desorption cycles. All the results of studies show that the synthetic nanocomposite Fe3O4@SiO2-EDTA is an effective, recyclable adsorbent with excellent performance for the removal of divalent cadmium.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Industrial waste Water treatment
Received: 2021/07/25 | Accepted: 2021/12/22 | Published: 2021/12/22

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