Volume 5, Issue 2 (2021)                   IQBQ 2021, 5(2): 65-77 | Back to browse issues page

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Shiva M, golmohammadi M, fekri M R. Study of operating conditions of silica extraction from rice husk for Special use in rubber. IQBQ 2021; 5 (2) :65-77
URL: http://arcpe.modares.ac.ir/article-38-47435-en.html
1- Chemical Engineering Department, Birjand University of Technology
2- Chemical engineering Department, Birjand University of Technology , golmohammadi@birjandut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1237 Views)
Research subject:
As a low price biomass, rice husk is able to accumulate a large amount of silica in its texture. The process for extracting this silica is greener than the conventional ones. The present research addresses the effects of the different process parameters on amorphous silica extraction from rice husk through a precipitation method.
Research approach
In the extraction process, first the rice husk was burned in the open air and then turned into white ash in an electric furnace. This ash was converted into sodium silicate solution using NaOH, and finally the silica was precipitated from this solution by sulfuric acid. The effect of solid to solvent ratio, the duration of the alkaline dissolution step as well as the pH and temperature of acid precipitation step have been investigated. Moreover, a special application of the amorphous silica in rubber industry was also investigated.
Main results
The results showed that a low solid to solvent ratio at the alkaline dissolution stage as well as an acidic pH along with a high precipitation temperature are required to obtain the highest production efficiency and to obtain high purity amorphous silica. The purity and chemistry of obtained silica were quite similar to commercial sample in the rubber industry; however, the surface area and pore volume of obtained silica was less than the commercial one. It was also found that prolonging the alkali dissolution step slightly increases the production efficiency. The obtained silica exhibited very close performance to the commercial sample, in the rubber-to-fiber adhesion system (RFS). This indicates the high ability of precipitated silica to be replaced by commercial types, which are mainly produced by more cost-effective and less biocompatible processes.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Composite
Received: 2020/11/6 | Accepted: 2021/03/14 | Published: 2021/09/22

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