Volume 3, Issue 3 (2019)                   IQBQ 2019, 3(3): 3-38 | Back to browse issues page

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Karchoubi F, baghban salehi M, Pahlevani H. A review on Nanocomposite Hydrogels: Rheology, Morphology, and Applications. IQBQ 2019; 3 (3) :3-38
URL: http://arcpe.modares.ac.ir/article-38-34553-en.html
1- Chemistry & Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran (CCERCI),
2- Assistant Professor of Petroleum Engineering Department, Chemistry & Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran, , m.bsalehi@ccerci.ac.ir
3- Chemistry & Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran (CCERCI)
Abstract:   (5929 Views)
Research Subject: Poor mechanical strengths and lack of thermal stabilities of hydrogels confine their extensive practical applications in many areas. The growing scientific need for solving this problem and achievement to the hydrogels with improved properties has led to the design and production of the nanocomposite hydrogels.
Research Approach: The polymeric networks of nanocomposite hydrogels compared to the ordinary hydrogels have improved elasticity and rheological properties. Other points that increase the importance of structural studies of nanocomposite hydrogels are the high strength of these materials versus the application of external forces, as well as maintaining its structure against increasing of temperatures. In this regard, the type and amounts of nanomaterial, the preparation method and formation of hydrogel network have a significant role in improving the physical, chemical and biological properties of hydrogels, and, it must be noted that these parameters will depend on the application of nanocomposite hydrogels. This also highlights the need for the production of nanocomposite tailored hydrogels. Therefore, orientation of the range of nanomaterials, the preparation method and product identification, along with sufficient information on the application of these materials, might have an important role in ensuring the success of these materials, requiring comprehensive library research and studies on polymerization processes, morphology and rheology.
Main Results: In this review article, the scientific advances in the field of nanocomposite hydrogels, focusing on its types based on the type of nanoparticles, its properties, preparation methods, identification methods with a new perspective on rheology, thermal analysis and morphology is investigated. Finally, the applicability of these materials is collected in a comprehensive table in various fields such as tissue engineering, enhanced oil recovery, agriculture, and etc…
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Article Type: Analytic Review | Subject: nano-composite
Received: 2019/07/7 | Accepted: 2019/12/25 | Published: 2019/12/25

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