Volume 3, Issue 1 (2019)                   IQBQ 2019, 3(1): 59-68 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahnama B, Baniasadi H, Lotfi M. Fabrication of PVA/Gr/TiO2 adsorbent and study of its application in removal of malachite green. IQBQ 2019; 3 (1) :59-68
URL: http://arcpe.modares.ac.ir/article-38-23431-en.html
1- Faculty of Petroleum and Chemical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University
2- Faculty of Petroleum and Chemical Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , hbaniasadi@srbiau.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8086 Views)
Research Subject: Removal of industrial wastewater especially from textile and dyeing factories is always important actions to control of pollutions. Using of polymeric adsorbents is an important method for removal of dyes from industrial wastewater. In this research work, designing and fabrication of PVA-based adsorbent with proper potential for removal of green malachite from industrial wastewater has been reported.
Research Approach: For fabrication of adsorbent 4 wt.% PVA was gelled in the present of 10 wt.% glutaraldehyde as cross-linker and punched. The punched hydrogels were porous with freeze drying method. For improving the adsorption ability, graphene and TiO2 were used. The adsorption of green malachite with prepare adsorbent was measured timely to determine the optimum percentage of nanoparticles. In addition, the effect of contact time and the presence of UV on the adsorption of pollution was investigated. Finally, the adsorption isotherms and thermodynamics study were investigated in different time.
Main Results: The results of adsorption of pollution with PVA/graphene adsorbent in different times showed that 0.5 wt.% is the optimum loading of graphene in the PVA matrix. This value was 3 wt.% for TiO2. The adsorption percentage via optimum adsorbent in dark condition showed that one minute after addition of adsorbent the adsorption percent increased to 75% indicating the high capability of the adsorbent in adsorption of tested pollution. The porous structure was confirmed via SEM image. By comparing the correlation coefficient for Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms it was found that Freundlich isotherm has better agreement with the findings of the current study. In other words, adsorption of green malachite with fabricated adsorbent was done multi layered. The thermodynamics studies showed that due to negative value of Gibbs energy the adsorption reaction of green malachite with fabricated absorbent is automatically.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Biomedical Enginireeng
Received: 2018/07/24 | Accepted: 2019/06/26 | Published: 2019/06/26

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